The Parents of
Of Conetoe Creek, Edgecombe County, North Carolina
A Report on the Julian Creek Taylors of Norfolk County, Virginia
A. Map of Norfolk County
B. Plat of Julian Creek Patents
C. Chart of Julian Creek Taylor Genealogy
E. Will, 1754, Richard Taylor
F. Letter, 31 May 1978
G. Letter, 14 July 1978 (Including John Harding’s 1676 Letter)
H. Family Group Sheets
THE PARENTS OF JOSEPH TAYLOR OF CONETOE CREEK
November 22, 1978
Research in the records of Norfolk County, Virginia, shows that Joseph Taylor of Conetoe Creek was the son of Richard III and Dinah Taylor, the grandson of Richard II and Jean, and the greatgrandson of Richard I and Margaret. This theory was proposed in our letter of 14 July 1978 and has been verified by an analysis of the Norfolk records and by the discovery that Dinah Taylor administered the estate of a Richard Taylor in 1734. In this present report we will explain the circumstantial evidence proving Joseph’s parents, and then we will say something about finding the English origins of Richard Taylor I, the immigrant .
We were hired because the previous research had snarled the Norfolk Taylors into a hopeless mess. Here are two notable examples which show just how unreliable the previous work was. The John Taylor family of Washington, DC, made a family group sheet for John Taylor, Sr. (son of Richard 1) and his wife Judith Rise. The sheet shows Richard with seven children, ail taken from the 1743 will of a John Taylor who was actually a Norfolk merchant and member of a wealthy and socially prominent family with no known connection with Richard I1. The sheet flatly contradicts the 1679 will of Richard. Another example of gross error is the sheet for Thomas Taylor who married Faith, whom the association said was the son of Capt. John Taylor. Actually, Faith’s husband Thomas was the son of Theodore, as is proven absolutely by Theodore’s will and a 1708 deed2. So there is no doubt the Joseph Taylor research had to start over.
Since no record specifically says who Joseph’s parents were, we must prove the matter circumstantially. Our proof rests on the fact that the Conetoe Taylors came from Julian Creek. Our letter of 31 May 1978 proved that several Conetoe neighbors of Joseph and Richard Taylor came from Norfolk County, Virginia. The keystone of our whole proof is that in 1785 Richard Taylor “of Conetoe of Martin County” sold 75 acres on the north side of Julian Creek in Norfolk County3. This ties together the Conetoe and Julian Creek Taylors.
Our proof consists of two parallel links between the Conetoe Taylors and Richard Taylor III of Julian Creek. One link is very direct. In 1756 the 652-acre tract on Conetoe Creek was “entered” by the Taylors, this being the first legal step toward Joseph receiving the 1760 patent. In all the Norfolk County records there were only two references to any Joseph Taylor: (1) In 1752 a Joseph Taylor administered the estate of Dinah Taylor, and (2) in 1755 this Joseph, as administrator of the estate of Dinah Taylor, obtained a small court settlement from the estate of Richard Ballentine. The chronological fit immediately suggested Dinah was Joseph’s mother and that after her death he moved to North Carolina. As for references to Dinah, there were likewise only two: (1) 1752, and (2) the administration by a Dinah Taylor in 1734 of the estate of Richard Taylor5. This 1734 information implied that Dinah was the widow of Richard and made it likely Richard was the father of Joseph of Conetoe. The chronology then became approximately the following: Joseph was born by 1734—his father's death—and actually he had to be 21 in 1752 to administer an estate, so he was born by 1731. In our letter of 14 July 1973, we explained how Joseph’s assumed brother Richard of Conetoe apparently had a son Richard whose Revolutionary War pension application says he—the veteran—was born about 1747, which made Joseph’s assumed brother Richard born about 1726 (1747 - 21 = 1726). Therefore, the evidence suggests Joseph and Richard (whom we call Richard IV) fit very well as sons of Richard III and Dinah.
If this were the only proof, the lineage would have remained conjecture. However, the Second link between Conetoe and Julian Creek takes us back to the same place. In 1665 Richard Taylor (Richard I) and Thomas Nash patented a 446-acre tract on .Julian Creek6. The previous year Richard had sold a “full share” in this tract to Thomas Nash, so Richard had legal right to half the tract, though part was sold to a Theodore Taylor who may have been Richard's brother7. In 1679 Richard’s will left his land to his two sons John, who received the part on the south side of Julian Creek, and Richard II, who received the 75 acres on the north side of the creek8. In 1713 John made two very important deeds that are crucial to the Julian Creek genealogy. One deed gave his own plantation—the tract on the south of Julian Creek—to his son John, with the tract to descend to sons Thomas and then Jonas if the older brothers failed to have children9. We will discuss this tract some more below. The other 1713 deed concerned the 75 acres of his brother Richard II10. It should be understood that in Virginia primogeniture was the law prior to 1776, meaning that if a person died owning land but did not specifically will that land to someone, then the land automatically went to the eldest living son or the latter’s heir.
John in 1713 was worried because his brother Richard II had a will that did not name Richard’s eldest son Richard III. Since under primogeniture John (as heir-at-law of their father Richard 1) might possibly have a right to the 75 acres if his brother did not mention the land in his—Richard II’s—will, John made a deed saying the 75 acres should go to Richard II’s eldest son Richard III and, failing heirs, descend to Richard III’s brother Thomas, then brothers William, John, and Edward. It is only thanks to John's careful nature that we know Richard II had a son Richard, for the will of Richard II does not name Richard III—just as John said it did not. The 1729 will of Richard II is not recorded in the Norfolk records but we obtained a photocopy and have transcribed it; a copy is attached to this report. The will does not mention any land, so we know the 75 acres passed to one of Richard 11's sons. We tried to prove specifically that Richard III inherited the 75 acres but could not rule out the remote possibility that Richard III died without issue and another brother inherited. The records do not permit an independent proof of this; however, when coupled with the fact that Richard of Conetoe sold the 75 acres in 1785 and Joseph of Conetoe is directly linked to Richard III via Dinah, we believe the proof is satisfactory that Richard III inherited the 75 acres in 1729-30 and that the tract descended by primogeniture to his son Richard IV in 1734 when Richard III died without a will.
The proof would be strengthened if we could show that the Richard Taylor who died in 1734 did, in fact, live on Julian Creek and, therefore, must be Richard III. To do this we spent a lot of time unraveling the various Richard Taylors in Norfolk County. A chart reconstructing the Julian Creek Taylors is attached to this report. In Norfolk in the 1700’s there were five distinct clusters of Taylor families. In the town of Norfolk lived the well-to-do merchant family of shipowners who traded to the West Indies and the British Isles. This socially prominent family produced several mayors and generals and is easily distinguished from the other Taylors in the county. There was also a family living on the Western Branch of Elizabeth River, one founded by the Andrew Taylor who left a 1716 will. The last three clusters were related. The Jonas and Peter Taylors of the Western Branch were part of the Julian Creek family, plus Theodore Taylor of Julian Creek had two sons who moved to the Great Bridge area at the southern end of the Southern Branch. Our task now was to account for the several Richard Taylors in Norfolk County up to 1785 when Richard of Conetoe sold the 75 acres.
First, Andrew Taylor of the Western Branch seems to have had only one son—Thomas—and that son had a son Richard. Fortunately, there are several documents that make this family easy to reconstruct11, so we will limit ourselves to comparing the names in the 1745 will of Andrew’s son Thomas with the names in the 1754 will of Richard Taylor12. It should be mentioned that Richard's will is not recorded in the Norfolk records but we obtained a photocopy, so we are reading the original and not the inaccurate abstract published some years ago. Below are all the people receiving mention in the wills:
1745 Will, Thomas 1754 Will, Richard
Wife Mary Taylor Mother Mary Taylor
Son John Taylor Brother John Taylor
Son Andrew Taylor
Dau Margaret Brown .
Son William Taylor
Dau Anne Noas?
Son Caleb Calup Taler,
* Richard Taylor Testator himself
* James Taylor Brother James Taler
* Joshua Taylor Joshshewa Taler
* Sarah Maning Elishshe Manning
* Judith Powers Joseph Powers
* “my wife and Son William Taylor
five children” John Moore
Mother Jean Taler
It will be seen that the 1754 will of Richard Taylor names his mother Mary Taylor and his mother Jean Taylor. There is no suggestion of a miscopy, so one must have been his mother- in-law. Since Jean Taylor was the wife of Richard II and mother of Richard III, we have compared the 1754 will of Richard to that of Thomas to prove Richard of the 1754 will was clearly the son of Thomas and Mary Taylor. We also can show that Elisha Manning was the husband of Sarah Manning. Thus Richard of the 1754 will was not Richard III. A transcript of the 1754 will is included in this report.
There is another Richard Taylor in Norfolk County, one associated with Julian Creek and therefore more of a problem. In a 1782 deed this Richard the Joiner (to name him after his trade) gave to his cousin James Taylor “of Princess Anne County,” Virginia a tract of 100 acres that he had bought from James’s deceased brother William13. “Cousin” even as late as 1782 could mean nephew.
James and William were sons of Thomas Taylor, whose 1744 will survives in Princess Anne County14. In that 1744 will Thomas left his son John a “plantation” on Julian Creek. Since this family group was so closely tied to Julian Creek, it was essential that we place it in the correct line, yet for a long time no position seemed to fit. Our solution now is that John son of Richard I was the father of Thomas of Princess Anne and of Richard the Joiner. Remember that John in a 1713 deed named his sons John, Thomas, and Jonas, in that order. No Richard was named, yet he must have had a son Richard. No will or probate has been found for John son of Richard I, so it is possible he had a son Richard, one named for the boy’s grandfather Richard I. In any case, we hypothesize that John’s son John, Jr., died without issue and the 100 acres passed to his brother Thomas of Princess Anne, who willed it to his son John, Jr. If John, Jr., died without issue, then the 100 acres could have passed to his eldest brother William, who sold it to his uncle Richard the Joiner, who gave it in 1782 to his nephew James the son of Thomas of Princess Anne.
This construction accounts for all the facts and is bolstered by the 1735 will of Richard the Joiner15. That will, implying Richard the Joiner died a bachelor, gives names agreeing with our construction above. An additional link is found in Jonas Taylor—a proven brother of Thomas of Princess Anne—living on the Western Branch, as did Peter Taylor who lived next to a Richard Taylor16. It so happens Peter was the guardian of three sons of Thomas of Princess Anne17. Two more of his children had David Ballentine for a guardian, a surname closely tied to the Julian Creek 'Taylors but not the other Taylor families of the area. Also, a Jonas Taylor witnessed the 1744 will of Thomas Taylor of Princess Anne.
Since it has not been mentioned yet, there is a 1704 quit rent roll (a tax list) for Norfolk County18. The only Taylors were Andrew for 222 acres, John for 100 acres, and Richard for 75 acres. So the tract on the south side of Julian Creek equaled 100 and it was this land that descended to Thomas of Princess Anne and then changed hands among various family members. Therefore, we have now accounted for both the 100 and 75 acres on Julian Creek down to the 1780’s and shown that the Richard Taylors of the 1754 and 1785 wills were not Richard III.
To this should be added another line of proof. The estate of Richard Taylor who died in 1734 was appraised by John Bowers, John Joyce, Abraham Bruce, and Thomas Bruce, and Dinah Taylor’s security to administer the estate was provided (i.e., bonded) by John Davis and John Joyce19. These surnames fit the Julian Creek area. Attached to this report is a rough plat map of Julian Creek patents. Starting with this map we tried to trace the lands down to the 1730’s in order to say just where the 1734 bondsmen and appraisers lived (on the theory that appraisers were neighbors of the deceased), but it proved too big a task. Too many tracts were inherited without legal descriptions and too many deeds were too vague. However, in working with the Norfolk records the impression comes through very strongly that the 1734 surnames are clustered around Julian Creek. As an example, a deed 13 May 1730 from Edward Hews to Richard Taylor concerns the Julian Creek area (the Hughs tract) and the witnesses included John Joyce and James Bruce20.
Since we have eliminated the competing Richard Taylors and followed two lines of proof to suggest Richard III died in 1734, we regard it a proven fact by very solid circumstantial evidence that Joseph and Richard of Conetoe were sons of Richard III and Dinah of Julian Creek. As for Thomas, the third Taylor with a legal interest in the 652-acre Conetoe tract of 1760, we have not been able to identify him in the Norfolk records. It is known from the Martin-Edgecombe records that Thomas stayed in Norfolk County, but just which man of that name he was is something we failed to learn. Presumably he was a brother of Joseph and Richard, but even good circumstantial proof is lacking. The Norfolk court orders 1736-1742 are lost and perhaps in them was mention of the guardianship of Richard III's children that would have proved the matter regarding Thomas—and Joseph himself.
There are, of course, other minor loose ends. A 1779 will of Ann Taylor names a son Richard and we are unable to tie this family to anyone21. The names suggest some link with the Norfolk Borough merchant family, but that is just conjecture. Her son could not be Richard III since his mother was Jean. Another unsolved matter is that of the Ann Taylor named in the 1785 deed of Richard of Conetoe. The deed reserved dower rights to an Ann Taylor, which suggests she was a widow. According to our construction, Richard of Conetoe lived on Conetoe Creek from at least the early 1760’s. So the Julian Creek tract could have been leased to an uncle or brother. His grandmother Jean/Jenet had dower rights and she lived into the 1750’s. Therefore, we suggest that Ann was married to a younger son or grandson of Richard II and her husband had a life lease. Such a lease would not normally be recorded in county records. We have given this matter a great deal of work and really have no other satisfactory solution. These puzzles over the 1779 and 1785 Ann Taylors do remind us of how fortunate we are that the Norfolk records have allowed us to solve the Joseph Taylor problem by circumstantial evidence. All too often the loose ends are so numerous as to make solutions impossible.
* * * * *
The Parents of Joseph Taylor
Given that Joseph was the son of Richard III, then the lineage is proven back to Richard I, the immigrant. The earlist proven reference to Richard I of Julian Creek is the 1664 sale to Thomas Nash of half the Julian Creek tract22. The name Richard Taylor was fairly common in Virginia in the 1600’s, so it is unlikely we can identify the Julian Creek Richard any earlier than this in Virginia, yet tracing Richard I back to England has a very good chance of success. Our letter of 14 July 1978 has the text of a 1676 letter from Richard’s brother-in-law John Harding, whose address has now been read as “butcher next doore to the 3 tuns taverne on Newgate Street, London23.” Attached is copy of the 1677 London map for Newgate Street, which was bounded west by the New Gate in the city wall and east by Blow Bladder Street (the latter just appearing at the right side of the map). This map shows all of Newgate Street when John Harding lived there, though not where the Three Tuns Tavern stood. Christ Church was the parish church, so the published parish registers were checked24. This area burned in the Great Fire of 1666, so the parish registers 1388-1666 are lost for Christ Church (also called Greyfriars Christ Church).
The following are all Harding/Hardin christening entries (except for a 1673 foundling) for the years 1667-1700:
12 May 1672 Susannah, dau of John & Susannah
1 Jun 1673 Sarah dau of John & Susannah
31 May 1674 Elizabeth, dau of John & Susannah
4 Aug 1675 George, son of John & Elizabeth
5 Dec 1675 Anne, dau of John & Susan
20 Nov 1676 Mary, dau of John & Susanna
27 Oct 1677 Frances, dau of John & Susan
28 Mar 1679 James, son of John & Susanna
3 Apr 1681 James, son of John & Susanna
28 May 1682 Mary, dau of John & Susan
7 Jul 1682 William, son of John & Rachell
20 Apr 1683 Martha, dau of John & Susanna
13 Jan 1683/4 Martha, dau of John & Rachel
8 Aug 1686 Rachell, dau of John & Rachell
6 May 1688 Sarah, dau of John & Rachell
31 May 1690 Sarah, dau of James & Ann
20 Jul 1691 Anne, dau of James & Anne
23 Oct 1692 Mary, dau of James & Ann
15 Nov 1693 Martha, dau of James & Anne
The 1676 christening for Mary says John, husband of Susanna, was a butcher. So it is obvious we now know Richard I’s sister was Susannah, the same as Richard’s younger daughter. We read some other records, even finding the 1708 will of a John Harding, St. James Clerkenwell, London citizen and butcher, but nothing tied directly to John Harding of Newgate Street25. Actually, we did little English research since that was not your directive—just enough to locate John Harding in London. Unfortunately, the records of the Butcher’s Guild also burned in the 1666 fire, which eliminates a possible apprentice record.
In searching for the English origins of the Taylors, the researcher should try to locate the John Harding-Susannah Taylor marriage, since that might lead to her parents. Likewise, the will of John Harding might give clues as to his origins, which could lead to his wife’s family. Additionally, the researcher ought to keep in mind the surnames with which Richard I associated in Virginia, such as Theodore Taylor (a possible brother) and Thomas Nash (Richard's partner). Another name is Parrett. John Harding in 1676 named Richard Parrett of Rappahannock as a friend and in 1653 a Gregory Parrett partented 300 acres on Julian Creek26. This is not a common surname.
* * * * *
This completes our search for Joseph Taylor’s parents. It has been challenging to work on this difficult problem and gratifying that it was solved. .
WILL, 1729, RICHARD TAYLOR
In the name of God, Amen.
I Richard Taylor of Elizabeth River In the County of Norfolk in Virginia being sick and weake in body but of good and perfect memory prais be to the all God knowing that I am natarlly born to dye to pass from this mortall world & transitory life acording to put in order all & singular my Estate both Reall & person [sic] to the Intint there should be none to strife for the same.
I give to my son William Taylor on [one] short gune and sord Likewise I give to my son John Taylor my littel gun and three wigs. Likewise I give to my son Edward Taylor my buck__________ sock gune [a shotgun?] and afrow Likewise I give to my Dafter [daughter] Mary Taylor my small thinn pot and on larg puter basson [pewter basin] Likewise I give to my Dafter Margret Taylor one larg puter basson and one dish and one litel basson Likewise I give to my Dafter Richal [Rachel?] Taylor one larg puter basson and one larg dish and one littel basson.
My- will and Desier is that my loving wife Jan Tayler be executr of this my Last Will and Testament in witness hear of I the said Richard Tayler have subscribed this my last will and testament with my hand and seal this 26th of Suptember 1729
Richard + Tayler
At a court held the 19th of Feby 1730/1 the above will was prove in open Court by John & Wm. Oweins and swore to by the Exex according to law & ordered to be recorded
Test Sole Wilson
[on the back Is “Richard Taylor will . . . Nuncupitive.” This will was never recorded and is now found bound In wills 1722- 1736, p. 22 (unrecorded, now restored), Chesapeake City Court- house, successor to Norfolk County.]
WILL, 1754, RICHARD TAYLOR [Determined by Thorndale not to be Richard III]
In the Name of God Amen Octob the 28, 1754 in the 27" of George our King I Richard Taylor being Sick & weak in body but of sound and perfect memory Praise be given to God for the same and knowing the unsertianty of this life on earth and being desirous to Settile things on Earth in Order do make this my Last will and Testament in manner & form following--that is to say First and principally I commend my Soul to God Almighty my Creator, Assuredly beliving that I Shall Receive full Pardon and free Remison of all my Sins and be Saved by the Presious death and merit of my Blessed Saviour &: Redeamer Christ Jesus and my body to the Earth.
Item I give and bequeive unto my son William Taylor tow beds and firniture & a ruge a Mare and hers all the puter that I have one chest & box and a craile [cradle?] all my Turner tules and my Acts [ax] likewise and what hogs I have got except six to Jean Taler a cow and cavf and if my son William Taylor dyes to return to my Mother Mary Taylor after my son is at age, and six pounds to John Moore tow Sadies two bridles and all the household goods one kess [chest] to my son William Tayler.
[Here the handwriting changes]
Item: and my Cos: [clothes?] allso fore sister hoxed and All so my Corn one half to my son William Taler and the rest to my mother Jean Taler and all so to my sun William Taler 2 Great Wheales and one linning wheal and fore sheap and three airon pots and one bras cittle and spit and flesh forkes and tongs and pot hangeres and squimmer [skimmer] and five White Chears and Box airon and heaters and one Table and one pott and Tub one airon pestall and twue Bedsteds and a Gun and ? one Great Wheal at Tomson and to three earthen pleats one Boll. and all my clos to be equelly devied between my brother John Taler and James. Taler. I also desire that after my sun dies that It may return to Caiup Taler and Joshshewa Taler and Joseph Powers to be equelly devied.
I allsow leave all my estate to James Taler and Elishshe Manning.
Richer Y:8 [?Yate] Thomas Best
Richard B. Maybeigh Richard Taler
Attachment E, Will, 1754, Richard Taylor
[On the back it says "Novemr 1754 proved &c.", also there is a list of perhaps two dozen tools--chisels, gouges, augers, planes, rasp, etc. This will was never recorded and is now found bound in Wills, 1747-59, p. 19 (unrecorded, now restored), Chesapeake City Courthouse, successor of Norfolk County.]
NORFOLK COUNTY SOURCES CONSULTED
Deeds: 1637-1800 covered by index except 1721-1785 checked page-by-page.
Wills: Pre-1755 in deeds. 1755-1800 covered by index.
Orders: 1719-1736, 1742-1756 read page-by-page. Gap in records.
Minutes: 1749-1753 read page-by-page.
Guardian Bonds: 1751-1788 read.
Inventories: 1755-1791 read page-by-page.
Appraisements: 1755-1812 by index.
Audits: 1755-1811 by index.
Elizabeth River Parish Vestry Book: 1749-1761 read page-by-page.
Southern Taylor Families 1607-1830, Albert Eugene Casey, (Birmingham, Alabama:1958).
Virginia Colonial Abstracts: Vol. XXXI, Lower Norfolk County, 1651-1654, Beverley Fleet, (Baltimore, Maryland: 1961).
Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, Antiquary, ed. Edward W. James, (1895), 5vols.
Brief Abstract of Lower Norfolk County and Norfolk County Wills, 1637-1710, Charles Fleming McIntosh, (n.p.: 1914).
Brief Abstracts of Norfolk County Wills, 1710-1753. Charles Fleming McIntosh, (n.p.: 1922).
The Quit Rents of Virginia. Annie Laurie Wright Smith, (n.p.: 1957). The 1704 Quit Rent.
The Parents of Joseph Taylor Sources
History of Norfolk County, Virginia, and Representative Citizens, William H. Stewart, (Chicago, Illinois: 1902).
"Norfolk County Tithables 1730," The Virginia Genealogist, 7 (1963) 3-11.
Vestry Book of Elizabeth River Parish 1749-1761, Alice Granbery Walter, (New York, New York: 1967) .
Virginia Land Patents of the Counties of Norfolk, Princess Anne & Warwick from Patent Books “0” & “6”, 1606-1679, Alice Granbery Walter, (Lawrence, New York: 1972) .
Collection of Unrecorded Wills, Norfolk County, Virginia, 1711-1800. Elizabeth B. Wingo, (n.p.: 1931).
Marriages of Norfolk County, Virginia. 1706-1792, Elizabeth B. Wingo, (n.p.: 1961).
All documents are Norfolk County records unless otherwise stated. Norfolk County, Virginia, is now Chesapeake City. The film numbers below refer to the U.S. microfilm collection of the L.D.S. Genealogical Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
1. Deeds H:123, film 032,832; see also Deeds 9:261, film 032,829.
2. Deeds 6:271, film 032,827, and 8:7, film 032,328.
3. Deeds 27:164, film 032,837.
4. Orders 1750-1753, p. 79, 16 Apr 1752, and Orders 1753-1755, p. 2, 21 Aug 1755, film 032,808.
5. Orders 1750-1753, p. 79 16 Apr 1752, film 032,808; her inventory is in Deeds I:253, film 032,832; Wills & Orders 1723-1734, p. 186, film 032,830; his inventory is in Deeds 12:5, film 032,831.
6. Virginia Patents 5:651, film 029,322.
7. Deeds D:430, film 032,824; 4:93, film 032,825, and 5:121, film 032,826.
8. Deeds 4:51, film 032,825.
9. Deeds 9:261, film 032,829.
11. Deeds 10:10, film 032,829; 13:81 and 14:129, film 032,817; 19:14, film 032,818; 20:178 and 21:141, film 032,819; 27:158, film 032,837. Also see the Wills in note 12.
12. Deeds H:197, film 032,832; the 1754 will of Richard Taylor is unrecorded, see attached transcription.
13. Deeds 29:1, film 032,837.
14. Princess Anne County, Virginia, deeds 6:358, film 033,192.
15. Wills 2:253,film 032,903.
16. Deeds 19:14, film 032,818; 14:20, film 032,817.
The Parents of Joseph Taylor Footnotes
17. Virginia Antiquary, Vol. 1: Princess Anne County Loose Papers 1700-1789, John Harvie Creecv, (Richmond, Virginia: 1954), p. 8.
18. The Quit Rents of Virginia, Anne Laurie Wright Smith, (n.p.: 1957).
19. Orders 1723-1734, p. 186, 17 May 1734, film 032,830.
20. Deeds G:193, film 032,830.
21. Wills 2:156, film 032,903.
22. Deeds D:430, film 032,824.
23. Deeds 4:51, film 032,825.
24. The Registers of Christ Church, Newgate. 1538-1754, Willougby A. Littledale, (London, England: 1895), pp. 37-99.
25. Archdeaconry of London original wills, box 36, 1710-1712, film 094,296 (British microfilms).
26. Virginia Patents 3:179, film 029,319.